Ja, vi elsker dette landet -
The Norwegian Constitution ('Grunnlov') of May 1814 is the oldest European constitution that is still in use, and the second oldest in the world – behind the American, by which it was inspired. On May 17 this year, we celebrate its bicentenary.
By 1814 Norway could see to the liberation movements and constitutions of other countries, both to learn from them and to avoid their pitfalls. The result was a progressive, liberal document that has survived for 200 years.
The bicentenary is an opportunity to shed light on:
The event that spurred the writing of the Norwegian Constitution was the Treaty of Kiel, dated January 14 1814. Norway was at the time subjugated by Denmark, but was to be given to Sweden because of the outcome of the Napoleonic Wars. Hearing of the treaty, the Norwegian Constituent Assembly gathered at Eidsvoll and wrote the constitution, signing it on May 17 – our independence day.
Sweden intervened and took control of Norway by force, but the constitution was embraced as a national symbol of freedom. The Swedish king was denied the right of veto over Norwegian affairs, and never got the authority he wanted; it culminated in Norwegian independence in 1905.
Read more here: The-Bicentenary-of-the-Norwegian-Constitution-2014